THEOSOPHY, Vol. 22, No. 6, April, 1934
(Pages 257-261; Size: 15K)
(Number 54 of a 103-part series)




(Part Five)

WE have touched upon the existence of continental "hinges" along the coast of California, and their connection with geological relics of Lemuria. The Peruvian coast shows a significant phenomenon in the peninsular of Paracas, about a hundred miles south of Lima, of which Dr. McGovern says:

To the geologist Paracas presents a very interesting problem. Whereas nearly all the coastal hills, and most of the Andean peaks, consist of land formed in the Secondary Period and elevated in the Tertiary [in other words, formed in Lemurian times and heaved up as Atlantis went down. Editors.], the hills of the Paracas peninsula are far older and, in fact, represent one of the most ancient bits of sedimentary land anywhere in the South American continent. In these hills lie layer upon layer of coal, but the coal begins and ends here. None is found anywhere for hundreds of miles around. It is an isolated deposit.
These coal deposits place the formation of the land in the Primary age, making it one of the earliest of the Lemurian areas to appear. Dr. McGovern continues:
The unique geological formation of the site of Paracas -- this finger of South America pointing into the sea -- is one of the principal reasons for supposing, as many geologists do, that Paracas is the last remnant of a former vast Pacific continent, one which existed before the upheaval of the Andes. The one-time Pacific continent is supposed to have begun at about this point, and to have stretched far into the sea; perhaps, as some think, as far as the islands of the East and Australia; this would explain why certain animals, such as the marsupials, are common to both parts of the world.

At present, however, Paracas is but a wreck, a pitiful and desolate remnant of what once may have been a vast continent.

Dr. McGovern took part in excavating from this sandy, wind-blown waste an ancient city, "a city of splendor which had existed in days long gone by. The buildings -- such vestiges as remained -- and the mummies buried near them, spoke of pomp and wealth and luxury." There were three cultures found here, one of them of Inca type, newer than that above mentioned. This old culture presented many quite unique features, the mummy-wrappings being superior to the Inca work. With each mummy were wrapped feathers of birds unknown on the coast, and the heads were deformed -- a pre-Inca custom.

There is a curious parallel between Paracas and the California islands, the outer ones of which have the same desolate, windy, sandy character. These islands were the original site of the Chumash culture, which has excited great interest during latter years. The Chumash was much more primitive, but along the California coast and islands it evolved a social order which stood unchanged in any respect for five thousand years -- a world's record for stability. It was an internally peaceful social state, protected against invasion by its great distance from the more warlike tribes east and north. That either the Paracas or California people were direct and immediate descendants of Lemuria would be too much to say; but that there is some connection is certain. The same is apparently true of Abyssinia. All these people seem to represent some distant linkage between Atlantis and Lemuria ethnologically, and with a habitat definitely on Lemurian land relics. As H.P.B. remarks, our own descendants will one day be backward peculiarities living on our present mountain-tops, which will have become islands.

But South America, through Dr. McGovern's agency, furnishes us with a much more definite human relic of a type to be found in many parts. Of this type H.P.B. says:

...the brutal (?) appearance of ... skulls, such as the Neanderthal, point to a very low type of Humanity. But they may sometimes point also to something besides; to a race of men quite distinct from our (Fifth Race) Humanity. (S.D. II, 724).
To this catalog of relics, the Amazon Valley adds the Pogsas. Whereas their immediate neighbors, the Tukanos, Aruaks, Tarianos, and others, though dwelling in wooden and thatch huts, have complex culture, the Pogsas have none at all, other than a few simple customs such as exogamy. Though without tribal organization, they are divided into groups which indicate to Dr. McGovern that the mysterious Pogsas must be considered not a primitive tribe, but rather the survival of an exceedingly ancient racial group:
The language of the Pogsas I found most extraordinary. It bore no resemblance to any of the ordinary Indian dialects, and contained many metallic clicks which I found it impossible to transcribe. It was therefore all the stranger to find the familiar sounds "pa" for father and "na" or "ma" for mother. These sounds almost seem to belong to a primordial universal language.

To me it seemed clear that the Pogsas are the remnant of the original inhabitants of the Amazon -- and probably of South America.... In many ways the heads of these living Pogsas correspond closely to the very primitive skulls which have been dug up in Patagonia and other parts of South America, and which are supposed to represent an extinct race. Several scholars, including Joyce, believe that this race had its origin in Europe.

Dr. McGovern encountered an indirect evidence of the possibility that upheavals are beginning along the Andean coast, though it did not strike him as such. The desolate dryness of the West Coast is due to the Humboldt Current, an icy sub-marine current sweeping up from the south. Off the coast of Ecuador it meets a warm stream which is responsible for the Colombian jungles. In 1925 the Humboldt weakened, allowing the warm stream to come far south along the Peruvian coast, resulting in torrential rains in a country which had been bone-dry for ages. This condition recurred to a less degree the following year. But what more likely than that such changes are due to obstructing undersea mountains lately heaved up? A deep trough is charted just off the Chilean and Peruvian coasts, but in recent years great submarine peaks have been found off Chile and Ecuador. They may have been there all the time, or they may not. But that this coast is subject to enormous earthquakes and tidal waves, is certain.

This subject touches upon unfathomed mysteries; in fact we have here the outline of the living anatomy of the earth. That all the vast periodic changes sketched in Theosophical works and hitherto discussed, involve not only unknown sidereal laws of motion, but an earth structure almost unsuspected, is certain. The connection between the Andean Plateau and the Tibetan is too striking for coincidence. They are as nearly antipodal on the sphere as are the North and South Magnetic Poles; the Tibetan is the highest, and the Andean the next highest, area in the world; both were the foci of major racial civilizations; both lie on the "Midgard" extinct equator, the "sacred Himavat that encircles the world." More than that, each lies near, and has about the same relation to, the crossings of this "belt" with the San Andreas and the Rocky Mountain. The Andean plateau lies right on the San Andreas as well as the "Midgard"; and the San Andreas is obviously Lemuro-Atlantean. The Tibetan lies right on the Midgard, which is, equally obviously, Atlanto-Aryan. The Andean is, according to all evidence, a Lemuro-Atlantean racial focus, a point of refuge, readjustment, and transition. The Tibetan is, according to the same evidence, an Atlanto-Aryan focus of the same nature. Consider the historical aspect: The Andean, the older and lower, is the seat of traces of a civilization, the "Cyclopean," now wholly lost to history, submerged by newer but still mysterious orders.

The remains of the Tibetan plateau, the newer and higher, mysterious as they are, show the ancient cultures of still-surviving remnants. Both areas are still rising; can we not assume with some certainty that the rise of the Himalayas and of India have to do with the future, the second half, of the Aryan race subsequent to its middle point, to its Kali Yuga now in progress; and that the rise of the Andes have to do with the first half of the Sixth Race, still in the distant future?

The overwhelmingly sacerdotal and religious nature of the relics of both regions, in tradition as well as present practice, is too pointed to overlook. Nay, we have almost the same situation in each; the overlay of Tibetan superstition and corrupt Lamaism, under cover of which altogether different activities are carried out, is precisely matched by the overlay of Catholic superstitions in the Andes, under which most certainly something else goes on. Dr. McGovern says there are three known descendants of the Incas at Cuzco, who are regarded with a deep veneration by the surviving tribes, in contrast with the sullen but outwardly obedient hatred held for the Spaniards.

It is significant that H.P.B., in the course of the discussion of Peru which we have been quoting, breaks abruptly into an equally voluminous discussion of the Gobi and its corresponding relics! Perhaps in more places than one, in more senses than one, the abrupt transitions from one subject to another throughout, which have exasperated many students of the Secret Doctrine, are no transitions at all!

All this points to some sort of planetary axis of both a spiritual and a geological nature; very probably there are subsidiary axes of similar nature; the antipodes of Mount Atlas, for instance, is near New Zealand and the Fijis; Mount Atlas was certainly an important geological-racial focus in Atlantean times, and New Zealand was certainly Lemurian. The antipodes of the great plateau of Mexico and southwestern United States happens to be in the neighborhood of Madagascar and the great submarine plateaus and peaks adjacent thereto, almost the center of Indian Lemuria. Ethiopia (Abyssinia) is the antipodes of the Taumoto archipelago, and the Marquesas Islands, nearly at the center of Pacific Lemuria, now the largest known mid-Pacific submarine plateau, and more or less the center of the mysterious Cyclopean remnants which have puzzled archeologists of the Pacific for the past few years. Australia is the antipodes of the mid-Atlantic, the center of Atlantean civilization.

It is taught that a principal reason for the climatic asperities of the earth is the fact of "the axes being no longer parallel;" that is to say, the plane of the equator not coinciding with the Ecliptic, the geographic poles do not coincide with the sidereal pole of the Solar System. Nor does the magnetic pole correspond with the geographic; if it did, the axis of the earth would correspond with that of the Solar System. Moreover, Tibet and the Andean Plateau would be on the Equator as well as on the Ecliptic!

Thus we have the sketch of a skeleton of the earth as well as of a nervous system; with more than hints of its physiological processes. But beyond that, we have also more than a hint that those processes have not been altogether regular, normal, or healthy. None of these axes are altogether straight, none of the poles is exactly at antipodes to another; this is even true of the geographic poles; the world being lopsided as to land area. The geographic axis thus passes between the Pacific Ocean and the center of volume of the spheroid. And this same lopsidedness tells another tale; it did not exist at the beginning of the Manvantara, the land then being concentric to the Pole and the equatorial regions submerged; it did not exist during earlier Lemurian times, the land areas then being balanced. It began very decidedly to exist in the last half of Lemurian times, and became pronounced during Atlantean times. We may thus imagine that Atlantis, though unfortunately not its sins, will be seen no more in this planetary Manvantara.

The new Lemuria will be the home of the mighty Sixth race, which in its old age will migrate toward the Pole, then become, with the straightening of the Axis, a land of eternal sunshine newly risen from the waters as the future home of the Seventh and last great Race, which will have broken the bonds of flesh and even of matter.

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